This Global Programme focused on the fiscal preconditions and financing mechanisms for national governments to mobilise investment in sustainable urban infrastructure at scale.
Creating compact, connected and clean cities could increase economic productivity, improve public health and cut greenhouse emissions. Realising this opportunity depends on funding sustainable urban infrastructure including in buildings, energy, transport, sanitation and water. As of 2021, the financing gap exceeded US$1 trillion a year.
This Global Programme made the case for a coordinated or systems approach to urban finance. Traditional approaches to urban finance have often focused on actions that cities can take, such as issuing municipal bonds or securing a good credit rating. In contrast, this Global Programme recognised the critical roles that national governments must play in mobilising resources and ensuring long-term fiscal sustainability of major sustainable infrastructure investments at the city level.
The team published pioneering papers considering how national economic decision-makers – such as heads of state and finance ministers – could expand the resource envelope and manage liabilities. Where there are robust fiscal underpinnings, this work identified key instruments to crowd in private finance for low-carbon, climate-resilient projects. They also worked with national governments in China and Mexico to appraise national policy options to fund and finance compact, connected, clean cities.